Optimization of enterprise organizational structur

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ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) refers to the enterprise management system that integrates the internal resources of the enterprise, so that the enterprise business data can be unified and processed completely. 75% of the world's top 500 enterprises have implemented ERP. From the technical level, it is to use the achievements of information technology to plan, coordinate and integrate all kinds of resources within the enterprise, including people, materials, finance, information, etc., so as to reduce links, improve productivity and enhance the competitiveness of the enterprise. From the perspective of management, it is also a relatively complete integrated management information system, including distribution, manufacturing, accounting, quality control, after-sales service, human resources, transportation and other management systems. From the perspective of e-commerce operation system, ERP is a basic project. Without ERP, supply chain management will lose support, and the quality of the whole e-commerce will be discounted. Therefore, ERP as a new modern management means. Its core management idea is to realize the effective management of the whole supply chain

second, the basic work of ERP implementation is to rebuild the enterprise organizational structure and business processes

1. The significance of organizational structure optimization

with the advent of the information age and knowledge economy society, enterprises are required to have a more flexible and flat organizational structure, so as to promote enterprises to meet the changing needs of the market and customers in a faster and more flexible way. The main operational factors affecting the friction coefficient in China: the organizational structure of enterprises is mostly a pyramid type functional hierarchical organizational structure, with overstaffed institutions and a large number of personnel, which seriously affects the efficiency of work. All these obviously seriously hinder the development of the organization and should be replaced by a new type of flat group centered process organization. We should establish a more flexible and mobile organization, whose members can come from different departments. It may also be experts and consultants outside the enterprise. In fact, enterprise management has gone beyond the inherent framework of the enterprise itself. ERP system requires enterprises to establish a flexible flat organizational structure and respond quickly to the market to adapt to changing customer needs and market opportunities, so as to establish the competitive advantage of enterprises. With the continuous development and improvement of ERP system in China, many systems now have a high degree of flexibility to support the organizational structure that can be adjusted at any time

2. method of organizational structure optimization

the basic work of ERP implementation is to sort out the existing business processes, standardize and standardize them, lead the whole business process of the enterprise with advanced management system, and restructure the process based working relationship and division of labor between business departments and functional departments with secondary units. The business process of ERP software starts from the system concept and is designed according to logistics and capital flow, replacing the old management and statistics work such as information collection, summary, statistics and transmission. The old business process is designed according to the division of labor of professional departments, adopts advanced production technology and the state attaches great importance to the development of new material industry. For a long time, people have been used to processing information according to professional functions, and have not established overall management rules in information collection and information sharing. ERP module crosses the traditional department boundaries, so it is necessary for enterprise business to change from function division to process optimization and reorganization. Many departments and even partners need to share information and coordinate work together, so that the cost, quality, service and speed, which reflect the competitiveness of enterprises, can be significantly improved or improved to meet the needs of market competition. A large number of practices show that enterprise ERP can obtain the best economic benefits only on the basis of the successful implementation of business process reengineering

3. The role of organizational structure optimization

through concept reconstruction, process reconstruction and organization reconstruction, the financial management is changed from the original secondary accounting to primary accounting: the material supply implements "centralized management, centralized procurement and unified reserve", and the secondary inventory management is changed to primary inventory management, so as to realize the upward movement of financial accounting and material 10. Mixer: the reform of 8W asset management system is in place in one step, Comprehensively improve the efficiency of financial decision-making and material management, realize the "flat" management of the enterprise, and strengthen the mutual supervision and mutual promotion within the enterprise

III. principles and methods of optimizing organizational structure and process

1. Two way displacement

in the process of organizational structure optimization, the first thing to face is how to design a new organizational structure on the basis of the original institutional setting. At this time, the method of "two-way displacement" should be adopted. First of all, ERP system is not only a set of application software, which integrates people and accumulates advanced management concepts and methods, so management should be close to ERP system, find the differences between bank management and ERP management methods, transform the current management of enterprises, and use the management methods provided by the system as much as possible. At the same time, when the enterprise is unable to move closer to the ERP system, the system should be modified to meet the special needs of the enterprise without affecting the complete logic of the software system. The basic principle of such work is to improve the overall management level of the enterprise, enhance the competitiveness of the enterprise, and not simply meet the working habits of a department or individual

2. Top management support

with the gradual deepening of work, the streamlining of departments, layoffs and redistribution of rights will inevitably touch the vested interests of some people: due to the refinement of management and performance appraisal, some people will inevitably have changes in work pressure and income level, as well as the conflicts and maladjustments between departments and employees in the running in process of new business processes. At this time, the senior managers of the enterprise must make up their minds Vigorously promote and be responsible level by level, otherwise the project will be in danger of premature death

3. Simple and effective

in the design of organizational structure and business process, we should implement the principle of "simplicity is management". Process design is not to make a work of art, but to maximize the benefits of this management. We cannot pursue rigor unilaterally. ERP processes should pay attention to simplicity and practicality. Complex processes may be more perfect and rigorous, but the cost must be higher. At the same time, due to the increase of project workload, the implementation cycle limits the reliability of the system will be affected

IV. the impact of ERP Implementation on the internal organization of enterprises

reform and information construction will continue to promote enterprise employees to change their ideas and establish a sense of competition, market and management; Strengthen basic management, rationalize institutional functions, simplify redundant personnel, and strengthen personnel training, especially in information technology and modern management methods, to meet the application requirements of modern management means

after the implementation of ERP system, the working mode and focus of each functional management department will be completely changed, so that it can get rid of the transactional and repetitive work in the past, and have more energy to go deep into the management work. Taking financial work as an example, on the surface, the introduction of ERP will make many accountants fall into the crisis of "nothing to do". However, from a deep level, the introduction of ERP is essentially a new development of the connotation of accounting work and a shift in the focus of accounting work, that is, from the previous measurement and recording of numbers to the processing, reprocessing and deep processing of information. In the words of American IMA, this new mode of accounting operation is that "in the future, accountants will no longer play the role of bookkeeper, but the role of enterprise consultant. At the same time, the value of accountants providing enterprise consultation and analysis will be paid more and more attention. The position and function of accountants in the organization are also increasingly important". (end)

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