Application and development of the hottest automat

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Automatic identification of the application and development of new technologies in the retail industry

because of technological innovation, the fate of the "traditional economy" is likely to be changed, and even the magic power beyond the "new economy" will burst out. The most typical is the old and fresh industry of retail. In the latest ranking list of global top 500 companies published by the latest issue of Fortune magazine in the United States, Wal Mart, a US chain retailer, ranked first for the fourth consecutive year, leaving behind some new economy favorite JLS such as Microsoft, old m and Cisco. In the whole world, the sales volume of the retail industry has surpassed that of manufacturing, finance, information and other industries, and the reason why the retail industry can be evergreen for a century and develop to such a large scale is that the successful application of information technology cannot be the core factor. Among them, automatic recognition technology plays a very important role

as the automatic identification technology is developing in depth and breadth, it has promoted the development of technical equipment. It is developing in the direction of multi-function, long-distance, miniaturization, simultaneous development of software and hardware, accurate identification, rapid information transmission, safety, reliability and economic adaptation. Many new types of technical equipment have emerged. At the same time, products and solutions that organically combine barcode scanning, mobile computing technology, wireless network and service solutions have also become a hot spot

with the acceleration of global economic integration and the upgrading of competition, the competition in the retail industry has increasingly evolved into the competition in the whole supply chain. Bar code technology has long been a favorable weapon for those far sighted retail enterprises to manage inventory, purchase, reduce costs and improve efficiency, so as to gain advantages in price and convenience

the application of automatic identification technology in retail industry has experienced three development and evolution stages, including delivery and inspection system stages; Inventory management stage; And the stage of enterprise operation and decision-making, which has a profound impact on the development of the retail industry

shipment and inspection system stage

as the main branch technology of automatic identification technology, bar code technology was first produced in 1920s. After World War II, the United States introduced the management mode of its efficient logistics support system during World War II into the circulation field, integrated commodity flow, material flow and information flow, and adopted bar code automatic identification high-tech, which changed the commodity material management system, commodity material distribution mode, sales mode and settlement mode, and promoted the development of large circulation and large market, This has promoted the rapid development of article coding and bar code technology in the international scope and contributed to the establishment of the international article coding Association (EAN) in the 1970s

during this period, barcode technology was mainly in the stage of delivery and system inspection. That is to establish a scanning sales system with bar code scanner, cash register and electronic scale as POS. Automatic settlement, shipment and inspection system can be realized by scanning barcode

many retail enterprises have won business opportunities through the first application of bar code technology. As early as 20 years ago, Wal Mart vigorously promoted bar code technology, so it created the core competitiveness of supply chain and logistics management, and quickly became the world's top aircraft carrier enterprise

inventory management stage

barcode technology can be used not only for commodity sales, but also for inventory management and counter inventory management. This is the second stage of the application of bar code technology in the retail industry. The inventory management stage is to use bar code to realize the internal management of the sales enterprise, that is, to provide support for the business decision-making of the enterprise through single product management and purchase, sales and inventory information management, so as to improve work efficiency and economic benefit

if inventory and counter inventory are counted manually. It is not only labor-consuming and time-consuming, but also difficult to make accurate and easy to make mistakes. Therefore, the use of bar code for counter storage and inventory management is an important means to achieve modern warehouse management. The general process is as follows: using a portable data collector and scanning with a bar code reader, inventory and counter inventory can be counted quickly and accurately, and then sent to the POS system. After comparing with the data in the POS system, the inventory gain and loss statements are generated

during this period, the challenge to data acquisition technology is how to ensure the acquisition speed and accuracy of information. As a result, products and solutions based on wireless networks, mobile devices and two-dimensional bar codes have become popular

two dimensional bar code is called "mobile database". The tensile test (stress-strain test) represented by PDF417 appeared in the 1990s is generally to clamp the two ends of the material sample 4. The metal tensile testing machine is clamped on two fixtures with a certain distance before holding the test piece. Now, a variety of coded two-dimensional bar codes have been developed. Two dimensional bar code can express Chinese characters and store images, which solves the problem that one-dimensional bar code cannot solve. It has the advantages of large information capacity, high reliability, strong confidentiality and anti-counterfeiting. The emergence of two-dimensional bar code has expanded the application field of bar code, so it is adopted by many different industries

in the inventory management of the retail industry, on the one hand, the two-dimensional bar code can be used for inventory counting, and the information of the counted goods can be collected through the handheld wireless terminal. Then the collected information is processed by the computer to form an inventory report. On the other hand, 2D barcode can be used for stock out. In the distribution of goods, the two-dimensional bar code is of great significance in the distribution management. Before distribution, the distribution commodity data and the customer and their order data are downloaded to the mobile terminal. After arriving at the distribution customer, open the mobile terminal, first call out the customer's corresponding order, then select the goods according to the order and verify their barcode labels. After confirming the distribution of goods to a customer, the mobile terminal will automatically verify the distribution and give corresponding prompts. The application of two-dimensional bar code and mobile devices can greatly improve the efficiency of inventory management and cabinet inventory management

enterprise operation and decision-making stage

with the wide application of automatic identification technology, it provides support for the overall operation and decision-making of enterprises, and improves the level of production operation management and the whole supply chain management. We call this stage as the enterprise operation and decision-making stage of bar code technology application. At this stage, automatic identification technology plays a very important role in product logistics tracking, product assembly and production management, warehousing and inventory management, automatic supply chain management, product anti-counterfeiting and other aspects, and is of great significance for enterprises to improve their competitiveness

"scan based transaction method" is proposed by the direct shipping (DSD) Committee of GMA. It is an improvement of the direct data exchange (dex/ucs) process in direct shipping. After repeated investigation, the GMA direct shipping Committee suggested a new method, that is, the supplier bypasses the retailer's warehouse and directly provides products to the store. The seller's salesperson or driver is equipped with a handheld terminal with detailed ordering information. Once the receiving agent verifies the number of items, the terminal is directly connected to the store's computer, and the information can be downloaded without other contacts, Data is transferred directly to the retailer's accounting department. After the customer purchases the goods, the retailer pays the price to the supplier

scanning based transaction is a technological revolution, which greatly simplifies the transaction process between suppliers and retailers. The result is lower costs and higher supply chain efficiency. Instead of wasting time on promotions and cost changes, retailers can focus on category planning and better service. The supplier can deliver goods at any time during the business hours of the store

in theory, the key to the success of the scanning based trading method is that the change data of all products are shared among trading partners according to a certain period (sometimes every day), just like inventory data. Retailers and DSD suppliers synchronize pricing, promotions, sales, inventory, invoices, and other data over the Internet. In this case, the accuracy and efficiency based on handheld wireless terminal devices play a very important role

currently, many retail stores are upgrading their mobile data terminals to take advantage of newer radio frequency (RF) devices: specific applications for handheld data terminals, which are used to collect and transmit data in store wireless local area networks. Wireless mobile devices (such as MC9000-G) can access data in real time to speed up the registration process. They can also be used for other work in the store, including automatic ordering of data terminals and "shelf price review"

prospect of future automatic identification technology

the basic principle of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology is electromagnetic theory. The advantages of the RF system are that it is not limited to the line of sight, and the identification distance is longer than the optical system. The RFID card has the ability to read and write, and has realized batch export to 15 countries and regions such as Japan, South Korea, the United States and Europe. It can carry a large amount of data, is difficult to forge, and is intelligent. RFID is the continuation and development of bar code technology, and EPC is a complete set of network integration technology. Its most basic purpose is to serve as the coding framework of RFID data to identify the manufacturer, product category and unique serial number of each item. It integrates technology, software and systems to make full use of RFID technology

epc aims to promote the application of RFID in the retail supply chain: RFID technology can be used to mark, identify and track individual items in the process of delivering items from the place of manufacture to buyers or customers through the supply chain. When goods are transported through the supply chain, the wireless RFID reader can communicate with the RFID tag on the goods to obtain the relevant information of the goods (such as the unique number of the goods) and correspond to the number in the database to access the complete record data about the goods

epc and RFID can further improve the management level of logistics supply chain, reduce costs, and realize the unique and effective identification of all entity objects (including retail commodities, logistics units, containers, freight packaging, etc.). It has been incorporated into the global unified identification system - EAN · UCC system (known as ANCC global unified identification system in China, referred to as ANCC system for short). In the supply chain, with the flow of logistics from raw material suppliers to final customers, capital flow and information flow are accompanied. In the whole supply chain process, the accurate identification of commodities, services, supply chain participants suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, service providers and various physical locations such as stores and warehouses is the basis for the effective collection of information in the next step. It is very important to process and utilize information in the next step

automatic identification data collection is a key technical component to realize the concept of enterprise mobile solution. With its rich background and experience in bar code technology and enterprise mobility, symbol regards RFID as a subset of the automatic identification data collection technology suite, and as a component of the core competitiveness suite deployed to realize the concept of enterprise mobility. With the expansion of RFID business impact, symbol is fully prepared to help customers add this function to the products and solutions applied in their supply chain

trends, opportunities and selection

applying advanced automatic identification technology in the retail industry will achieve rich returns. At the point of sale, it can speed up counter checkout, increase a variety of checkout options, eliminate queuing checkout, and provide targeted marketing information at the point of sale. In the distribution center, it can connect the supply

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